Drinking or tap water is not suitable for use in laboratory operations such as preparing solutions, cleaning laboratory equipment, and performing calibrations and analyzes. The water used in the laboratory must be pure and free of impurities. There are many ways to purify water, including reverse osmosis, distillation, and deionization.
Distilled water: It is a type of treated and purified water through a process called distillation, where the water is boiled (tap water or rain water) and the resulting steam is collected to become condensed to get in the end the distilled water.
This process can get rid of salts, suspended solids and mineral pollutants, but in this way, some pollutants such as mercury or volatile organic materials cannot be removed.
De-electrolyte water: It is a type of water that is treated by passing it through a dipole resine (it contains OH- and H + ions), where the positive and negative electrolytes in the water (which are contaminated materials) are replaced with hydroxyl ions and protons on the resin, forming water molecules. Put it up with pure water from the device while the contaminants remain on the resin. The deionized water has a pH of 7, but it is highly effective and is irritant, as it can absorb CO2 through contact with air and form (–H + + HCO3), which reduces the pH to 5.6.
Also, the de-electrolyte process cannot remove molecular compounds (such as sugar or non-ionic organic compounds such as most viruses and bacteria).
Uses of both distilled and deionized water in the laboratory:
Regardless of the type of water used, if it is rain water or tap water, its distillation is sufficient for use in most laboratory applications.
As a solvent to prepare solutions and Standards.
In preparing control samples when analyzing (Blank).
Washing laboratory utensils.
Production of high purity water.
As for the electrolyte water, it is related to the source of this water and is used for:
Cooling devices and applications to prevent the deposition of pollutants and minerals in the water on these devices.
Microbial sterilization vessels under pressure.
Chemical experiments containing ionic compounds.
Washing laboratory utensils.
Preparation of solvents and standards for titration
As noted from the previous uses, either distilled or de-electrolyte water can be used in some cases, but in general, electrolyte water cannot be used in cases where there is direct contact between minerals and this water for a long time. In general cases, it is preferable not to use distilled water instead of electrolyte water, or vice versa, unless the electrolyte water comes from distilled water. In this case only, this water can be used instead of distilled water, while ensuring that it is not exposed to the air for the reason mentioned previously.
Drink distilled water and de-electrolyte water:
Although some people want to drink distilled water, it is not considered the best option for drinking water because it lacks minerals in tap water, which increase the benefit of water and its refreshing taste. But in general, distilled water can be drunk, unlike electrolyte water, which must not be drunk at all, because it is free of health-promoting electrolytes and minerals, and it is irritating that can harm tooth enamel and thin cells of the skin, as it contains pathogenic germs that cannot be removed as previously mentioned. Noting that it is possible to drink distilled water with electrolytes after exposure to air for a period of time sufficient to modify it.